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John 8:32 (KJV)
And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. - Jesus

Is the Bible Reliable? Answering questions for those who seek the truth…

Categories: Answering Questions

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Is the Bible Reliable?

This is the most important doctrine of Islam. If the Bible is True Word of God, then Qur’an is NOT.

Today’s Muslims speculate that our Bible is corrupt:

“Early Qur’anic commentator Muqatil bin Sulaiman“:

The leaders of the Jews in Medina erased the descriptions and traits of Muhammad peace be upon him from the Torah, and they wrote other traits and descriptions.

Thus, it is not a surprise for a Muslim to find that the predictions of Muhammad (peace be upon him) are vague and somehow isolated from the context of the entire Bible. The reason for this is because there is also falsehood in the Bible, which would distort the truth.
Thus, the Muslim is not required in any way to prove that Muhammad is clearly predicted in the Bible by taking all the verses in the Bible into consideration. This is simply the Muslim position regardless of one likes it or not.

In addition, we can also confirm that there exists evidence in the historical tradition of Islam to suggest that the Torah in the hands of the Jewish community in Arabia during the time of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) must have gone through some textual corruption given that it differs to the Torah we have today. 

Zawadi observes that “it is also possible that parts of the true Torah and Injeel [Gospel] existed until the 7th century [during Muhammad’s time] and are not found in the Bible today”.

He supports this claim by citing five authentic Islamic traditions that point to references and injunctions apparently present in what the Jews in that area and epoch referred to as the Torah, but which “we don’t find … today with us in the Bible”, and “therefore … must have been removed, thus indicating textual corruption”. 

Based on the Qur’an and the Hadith, one can easily see that the Hebrew Scriptures, that is, the Torah during the time of Mohammed, was trustworthy as well. The Qur’an has thirty-nine references to the Old Testament: the Torah, the Hadith (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Abu Dawud and Malik’s Muwatta) have thirty-five references. Here are some ayats from the Qur’an:

He hath revealed unto thee (Muhammad) the Scripture with truth, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, even as He revealed the Torah and the Gospel. (Qur’an, Sura 3:36)

And He (Allah) will teach him (Jesus) the Scripture and wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel, (Qur’an, Sura 3:48)

According to this the Scripture ( Torah and the Gospel) were before the Qur’an

And (I come) confirming that which was before me of the Torah and to make lawful some of that which was forbidden unto you. I come unto you with a sign from your Lord, so keep your duty to Allah and obey me. (Qur’an, Sura 3:50)

According to the Qur’an, Jesus came and taught original teaching of Torah: “He will teach him the Scripture and wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel.” Sura 3:48

Therefore, knowledge of the Torah was taught by Jesus at least 600 years before Muhammad.

All food was lawful to the children of Israel except that which Israel had forbidden to himself, before the Taurat was revealed. Say: Bring then the Taurat (Torah) and read (present tense) it, if you are truthful. (Qur’an, Sura 3:93)

Here is an interesting challenge to Jews in the days of Muhammad – bring the Torah if you are truthful. And read it! Read a corrupted book?

And if thou (Muhammad) art in doubt concerning that which we reveal unto thee, then question those who read (present tense) the Scripture (that was) before thee. Verily the Truth from thy Lord hath come unto thee. So be not thou of the waverers. (10:94 Pickthall)

 And argue not with the People of the Scripture unless it be in (a way) that is better, save with such of them as do wrong; and say: We believe in that which hath been revealed unto us and revealed unto you; our Allah and your Allah is One, and unto Him we surrender. (Qur’an, Sura 29:46)

If the Torah was already lost in the days of Muhammad, it would have been absolutely impossible to say that Muslims believe in “what hath been revealed unto Jews and Christians”. This means that the Torah’s revelation was still uncorrupted and Jews and Christians had them at least in 600 AD.

But Muhammad constantly accused the Jews of misinterpreting the Torah and he used the Torah itself to prove his point! For example, in the

Hadith of Al Bukhari, volume 8, book 82, number 809: Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

A Jew and a Jewess were brought to Allah’s Apostle on a charge of committing an illegal sexual intercourse. The Prophet asked them. “What is the legal punishment (for this sin) in your Book (Torah)?” They replied, “Our priests have innovated the punishment of blackening the faces with charcoal and Tajbiya.” ‘Abdullah bin Salam said, “O Allah’s Apostle, tell them to bring the Torah.” The Torah was brought, and then one of the Jews put his hand over the Divine Verse of the Rajam (stoning to death) and started reading what preceded and what followed it. On that, Ibn Salam said to the Jew, “Lift up your hand.” Behold! The Divine Verse of the Rajam was under his hand. So Allah’s Apostle ordered that the two (sinners) be stoned to death, and so they were stoned. Ibn ‘Umar added: So both of them were stoned at the Balat and I saw the Jew sheltering the Jewess.

Sunan Abu Dawud, book 38, number 4435: Narrated Abu Hurayrah:

A man and a woman of the Jews committed fornication. Some of them said to the others: Let us go to this Prophet, for he has been sent with an easy law.  The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: So I decide in accordance with what the Torah says. He then commanded regarding them and they were stoned to death.

We can see clearly that Mohammed called the Torah to witness against the Jews and their practice. Clearly, the Torah was present and available in his time. Here is yet another example of the existence of the Torah during Mohammad’s day:

Sunan Abu Dawud, book 38, number 4434: Narrated Abdullah Ibn Umar:

A group of Jews came and invited the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) to Quff. So he visited them in their school. They said: AbulQasim, one of our men has committed fornication with a woman; so pronounce judgment upon them. They placed a cushion for the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) who sat on it and said: Bring the Torah. It was then brought. He then withdrew the cushion from beneath him and placed the Torah on it saying: I believed in thee and I Him Who revealed thee.

All these and other Hadith quotations reveal to us that Mohammed never condemned the written Torah; {The Contrary, he used the Torah to prove his agreement with the Author of the Torah and meted out correct punishment} he condemned only the wrong interpretation of the Torah by the Jews. Archaeological discoveries of the last century confirm that the Torah has never been changed if you still insist that the Torah was changed even before the time of Jesus, you must bring proof of some kind to support your claim. You have to bring another Torah to compare with the Torah we have in our Bibles today.

The Dead Sea Scrolls were recently on exhibition on a world-wide tour. Let me mention a few very important facts concerning these Scrolls. Dating from around 250 Before Common Era (BCE) to 68 Common Era (CE), the Scrolls include some 207 biblical manuscripts representing nearly all of the books in the Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament) except the book of Ester. Approximately 900 Scrolls were discovered. The Scrolls are important to Judaism, Christianity and Islam because they contain the earliest accounts of biblical 8 patriarchs and prophets who are known to all three of the Abrahamic faiths.

Some of the biblical Dead Sea Scrolls are almost 1000 years older than the next-oldest-known copies of the Hebrew Bible. The copies of Genesis among the Dead Sea Scrolls are extremely similar to the traditional Hebrew text. Unless someone has any physical evidence that the Torah was changed at any given point in time, Muslims have no authority to state otherwise.

And at this point Muslims must agree that the Torah during the days of Mohammad, in the days of Jesus and days before Him is the same as what we have now.

Author: Dmitry