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John 8:32 (KJV)
And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. - Jesus

Is Jesus the Son of God? Answering questions for those who seek the truth…

Categories: Answering Questions

877712_30555150Is Jesus the Son of God?

First point:

Muslims often say, “Jesus never called Himself ‘Son of God’ in the Bible; therefore you err if you call him by this title.”

Let’s examine this claim.

Whenever I am challenged by Muslims or Jehovah’s witnesses on this subject, I always point out that many people called Jesus “Son of God”. In the Bible, the phrase “Son of God” occurs 45 times in reference to Jesus.  It is undeniable. Jesus was also called “King of Israel” four times, and “King of the Jews” eighteen times. Let’s read a few verses from the NT:

An angel declared it:

Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

Demons acknowledged it:

Luke 4:41 And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking [them] suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ.

People declared it:

John 1:49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel.

Matt 27:40 And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest [it] in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.

Matt 27:42 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.

In this verse, Nathanael called Christ “Son of God” and “King of Israel”. Let us read Jesus’ response:

John 1:50  Jesus answered and said unto him, Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, believest thou? thou shalt see greater things than these.

John 1:51 And he(Jesus) saith unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.

The reason is obvious as to why Muslims try to demote Christ by using the Bible. The Qur’an mentions this:

      Qur’an, Sura 23 91.

Never did Allah take to Himself a son, and never was there with him any (other) god

      Qur’an, Sura 25 2.

He, Whose is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and Who did not take to Himself a son,

The Qur’an rejects Christ as the Son of God by denying His Divinity:

      Qur’an, Sura 4 171.

O followers of the Book! do not exceed the limits in your religion, and do not speak (lies) against Allah, but (speak) the    truth; the Messiah, Isa son of Marium is only an apostle of Allah and His Word which He communicated to Marium and a spirit from Him; believe therefore in Allah and His apostles, and say not, Three. Desist, it is better for you; Allah is only one God; far be It from His glory that He should have a son,

      Qur’an, Sura 5 17.

Certainly they disbelieve who say: Surely, Allah– He is the Messiah, son of Marium…

In dialogues with Christians, Muslims first attempt to blame us for misunderstanding the Bible, and after we prove our points through the Bible, they accuse the Bible itself to be corrupt. As we can see, we should really address the issue of the unchanged Bible before we will talk about Jesus being the Son of God.

 

Second point:

For we who live in the twenty-first century, it is absolutely critical that we understand the minds of the first century Jews, who saw Jesus and heard Him speak. We must comprehend what they understood when Jesus was called “Son of God” and “King of Israel”. After we prove that the Bible does call Jesus “the Son of God”, Muslims initiate another accusation. They switch tactics and actually seem to agree that Jesus is the Son of God, but then they try to change its meaning: “When Jesus said that he is a son of God he really meant that he was the son of God in the sense of being a righteous person. Other people in the Bible were similarly called sons of God.” They use this verse in Matthew to support their position. (Matt 23, vv. 1,9  And call no [man] your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.).”

Then they say, “When Jesus claimed to be King of Israel, he really meant to be a person whom people should listen and obey, like other prophets sent by God before him.”

Some Muslims think that the apostle Paul “invented” the idea of Jesus being God, therefore we will avoid using any of Paul’s epistles so that our position will be considered valid, and use only the four Gospels and the Old Testament.

Let us read a few verses: Here is evidence of what the Jews meant when they used the terms “Son of God” and “King of Israel”:

        John 5:18 Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the Sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.

        John 8:56-59   Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw [it], and was glad.  Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?  Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I amThen took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.

        John 10:30-39 I and [my] Father are one.  Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.  Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?  The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God. 

Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?  If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;  Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?  (Please note that here Jesus stated that He called Himself “the Son of God”) If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.  But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father [is] in me, and I in him.  Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand,

As we can easily see, the Jews accused Jesus of claiming to be God, not a prophet, nor the Archangel Michael. Now let’s read why He was crucified:

        Mark 14:60  And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what [is it which] these witness against thee?  But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?  And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on   the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heavenThen the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses?  Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.

      Luke 22:66  And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,  Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe: And if I also ask [you], ye will not answer me, nor let [me] go.  Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.  Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.  And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.

When He was on the cross, the Pharisees made a very interesting proposition to Him:

Matt 27:40 And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest [it] in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.

Matt 27:42 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.

Wait a minute! Saul, David and Solomon were kings of Israel. Suppose any one of them were on the cross instead of Jesus. Is it rational to think that an earthly king would be able to come down from it (on his own accord)? Would it be the only proof that this person is a king? Of course not! There is much more hidden inside the Pharisees’ question. They knew that the ultimate title “King of Israel” belongs ONLY to God Jehovah Himself:

Isa 44:6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I [am] the first, and I [am] the last; and beside me [there is] no God.

Notice another expression, “…I [am] the first, and I [am] the last…” Does this sound familiar to us? Yes, we recognise it from the book of Revelation:

Rev 2:8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

Rev. 22:13  I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

Here is what Qur’an says about beings “the First and the Last”:

      Qur’an, Sura 57.003  He is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Immanent: and He has full knowledge of all things.

Jesus also demanded to be honoured exactly as His Father should be.

John 5:23   That all [men] should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.

And of course, we have Thomas’ famous reaction. Thomas doubted that the person that the other apostles saw after Jesus’ death could have been Jesus, raised from the dead. When Jesus appeared before him, He invited Thomas to prove that He was indeed alive again.

John 20:27-28   Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust [it] into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.  And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.

Finally, let’s focus on one particular Greek word, translated into English as “only begotten”:

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

John 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared [him].

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

John 3:18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

Hbr 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten [son],

1John 4:9 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.

The Greek word here is μονογενής monogenēs.  Please note that it comprises 2 words: “mono” and “genes” – and the literal meaning is – “Begotten of the Only One”.  There is only one way to pass your genes to the next generation – to give birth, the father and son will be of the same origin. In this sense an animal give birth to an animal, human- to human and God – to God. We never see that plant gave birth to a human, therefore then Jesus was called the Son of God, He was attributed His Father’s nature.

Using this simple, logical method of examining Scripture by applying plain common sense, we can refute any Muslim’s attempt to use the Bible against itself. We should compel them to use the Qur’an against the Bible instead. When this happens, we shall prove that the Bible is the unchanged, inspired, true Word of God.

Author: Dmitry